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Visas by Applicant Type

Below is a sampling of appointment titles and suggestions on the best visa status available at the Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing. This is meant to be a general guide. Please call 410-955-3371 with any questions.

Faculty

Non-Tenure-Track Faculty (with clinical activities)

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

O-1

The O-1 visa classification is intended for foreign nationals who have extraordinary ability in the sciences, education, or business and who are coming temporarily to the United States to engage in employment. An O-1 is one of a handful of individuals who have risen to the top of their profession or field of research.    

E-3

The E-3 classification applies only to nationals of Australia. You must be coming to the United States solely to perform services in a specialty occupation.  *The OIS does NOT prepare or file E-3 applications. The H-1B is generally recommended where an E-3 is sought. By regulation, the employer is required to pay all fees associated with E-3 sponsorship. Any hiring department that wishes to sponsor E-3 status must pay the USCIS filing fees and the fees assessed for case preparation by the Institution's outside immigraiton counsel.

F-1 OPT/F-1 STEM OPT

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

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Non-Tenure-Track Faculty (research only)

F-1 OPT/F-1 STEM OPT

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

J-1 Student AT

International students on J-1 visas are eligible for up to 18 months of work authorization, called academic training [AT]. Post-doctoral students may apply for additional 18 months of AT. Some J-1 program participants are also allowed to work part-time during the academic program.  Individuals on J-1 Academic Training must use all available AT time. Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following AT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

E-3

The E-3 classification applies only to nationals of Australia. You must be coming to the United States solely to perform services in a specialty occupation.  *The OIS does NOT prepare or file E-3 applications. The H-1B is generally recommended where an E-3 is sought. By regulation, the employer is required to pay all fees associated with E-3 sponsorship. Any hiring department that wishes to sponsor E-3 status must pay the USCIS filing fees and the fees assessed for case preparation by the Institution's outside immigraiton counsel.

J-1 Scholar

A Research Scholar is an individual primarily conducting research, observing, or consulting in connection with a research project. The Research Scholar may also teach or lecture, unless disallowed by the sponsor. If the length of the appointment is less than 6 months, the Short Term Scholar category may be recommended.

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Tenure-Track Faculty (with clinical activities)

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

O-1

The O-1 visa classification is intended for foreign nationals who have extraordinary ability in the sciences, education, or business and who are coming temporarily to the United States to engage in employment. An O-1 is one of a handful of individuals who have risen to the top of their profession or field of research.

E-3

The E-3 classification applies only to nationals of Australia. You must be coming to the United States solely to perform services in a specialty occupation.  *The OIS does NOT prepare or file E-3 applications. The H-1B is generally recommended where an E-3 is sought. By regulation, the employer is required to pay all fees associated with E-3 sponsorship. Any hiring department that wishes to sponsor E-3 status must pay the USCIS filing fees and the fees assessed for case preparation by the Institution's outside immigraiton counsel.

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Tenure-Track Faculty (research only)

E-3

The E-3 classification applies only to nationals of Australia. You must be coming to the United States solely to perform services in a specialty occupation.  *The OIS does NOT prepare or file E-3 applications. The H-1B is generally recommended where an E-3 is sought. By regulation, the employer is required to pay all fees associated with E-3 sponsorship. Any hiring department that wishes to sponsor E-3 status must pay the USCIS filing fees and the fees assessed for case preparation by the Institution's outside immigraiton counsel.

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

O-1

The O-1 visa classification is intended for foreign nationals who have extraordinary ability in the sciences, education, or business and who are coming temporarily to the United States to engage in employment. An O-1 is one of a handful of individuals who have risen to the top of their profession or field of research.

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Visiting Faculty (with clinical activities)

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

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Visiting Faculty (research only)

J-1 Scholar

A Research Scholar is an individual primarily conducting research, observing, or consulting in connection with a research project. The Research Scholar may also teach or lecture, unless disallowed by the sponsor. If the length of the appointment is less than 6 months, the Short Term Scholar category may be recommended.

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Staff

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. As stated in the university personnel policy manual [Section 3], only positions classified at Job Class 4 or higher are eligible for H-1B sponsorship consideration. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

TN

This classification is available as a provision of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Only Canadian and Mexican citizens are eligible for TN status. The TN classification allows Canadian and Mexican citizens to be admitted to the U.S. temporarily to engage in business activities at a professional level. “Professional level” refers to those undertakings which require that the individual has a least a baccalaureate degree or appropriate credentials in a profession set forth in Appendix 1603.D.1 of the NAFTA.

E-3

The E-3 classification applies only to nationals of Australia. You must be coming to the United States solely to perform services in a specialty occupation.  Like the H-1B, only positions classified at Job Class 4 or higher are eligible for E-3 sponsorship consideration. The H-1B is generally recommended where an E-3 is sought. By regulation, the employer is required to pay all fees associated with E-3 sponsorship. *The OIS does NOT prepare or file E-3 applications.  Any hiring department that wishes to sponsor E-3 status must pay the USCIS filing fees and the fees assessed for case preparation by the Institution's outside immigration counsel.

F-1 OPT/F-1 STEM OPT

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

J-1 Student AT

International students on J-1 visas are eligible for up to 18 months of work authorization, called academic training [AT]. Post-doctoral students may apply for additional 18 months of AT. Some J-1 program participants are also allowed to work part-time during the academic program.  Individuals on J-1 Academic Training must use all available AT time. Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following AT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

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Clinical Training

Clinical Fellow

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

J-1 ECFMG

All incoming Residents and Clinical Fellows who are graduates of a Foreign Medical School will be sponsored for J-1 ECFMG status for their clinical training training at JHMI. Foreign born physicians who have earned their M.D. from a U.S. medical school will be eligible for H-1B sponsorship for clinical training.

J-1 Student AT (immediately following MD graduation only)

International students on J-1 visas are eligible for up to 18 months of work authorization, called academic training [AT]. Post-doctoral students may apply for additional 18 months of AT. Some J-1 program participants are also allowed to work part-time during the academic program.  Individuals on J-1 Academic Training must use all available AT time. Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following AT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

F-1 OPT (immediately following MD graduation only)

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

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Clinical and Research Fellow

F-1 OPT (immediately following MD graduation only)

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

J-1 Student AT (immediately following MD graduation only)

International students on J-1 visas are eligible for up to 18 months of work authorization, called academic training [AT]. Post-doctoral students may apply for additional 18 months of AT. Some J-1 program participants are also allowed to work part-time during the academic program.  Individuals on J-1 Academic Training must use all available AT time. Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following AT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

J-1 ECFMG

All incoming Residents and Clinical Fellows who are graduates of a Foreign Medical School will be sponsored for J-1 ECFMG status for their clinical training training at JHMI. Foreign born physicians who have earned their M.D. from a U.S. medical school will be eligible for H-1B sponsorship for clinical training.

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

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House Staff (resident or intern)

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

J-1 ECFMG

All incoming Residents and Clinical Fellows who are graduates of a Foreign Medical School will be sponsored for J-1 ECFMG status for their clinical training training at JHMI. Foreign born physicians who have earned their M.D. from a U.S. medical school will be eligible for H-1B sponsorship for clinical training.

J-1 Student AT (immediately following MD graduation only)

International students on J-1 visas are eligible for up to 18 months of work authorization, called academic training [AT]. Post-doctoral students may apply for additional 18 months of AT. Some J-1 program participants are also allowed to work part-time during the academic program.  Individuals on J-1 Academic Training must use all available AT time. Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following AT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

F-1 OPT (immediately following MD graduation only)

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

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Observer

B-1/B-2/Visa Waiver

Entering the U.S. as for temporary tourism or business. JHMI will only permit individuals in the B-1/B-2/Visa Waiver category to engage in the following activities: Observing in a clinical setting [observation is labs is strictly prohibited], participating in a required, unpaid medical clerkship as defined in the F.A.M. (applies to medical students pursuing a medical degree at a foreign institution only) or brief professional meetings. Engaging in research is strictly forbidden.

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Research Training

Postdoctoral/Research Fellow

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

J-1 Scholar

A Research Scholar is an individual primarily conducting research, observing, or consulting in connection with a research project. The Research Scholar may also teach or lecture, unless disallowed by the sponsor. If the length of the appointment is less than 6 months, the Short Term Scholar category may be recommended.

TN

This classification is available as a provision of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Only Canadian and Mexican citizens are eligible for TN status. The TN classification allows Canadian and Mexican citizens to be admitted to the U.S. temporarily to engage in business activities at a professional level. “Professional level” refers to those undertakings which require that the individual has a least a baccalaureate degree or appropriate credentials in a profession set forth in Appendix 1603.D.1 of the NAFTA.

F-1 OPT/F-1 STEM OPT

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

J-1 Student AT

International students on J-1 visas are eligible for up to 18 months of work authorization, called academic training [AT]. Post-doctoral students may apply for additional 18 months of AT. Some J-1 program participants are also allowed to work part-time during the academic program.  Individuals on J-1 Academic Training must use all available AT time. Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following AT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

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Research Trainee

J-1 Student AT

International students on J-1 visas are eligible for up to 18 months of work authorization, called academic training [AT]. Post-doctoral students may apply for additional 18 months of AT. Some J-1 program participants are also allowed to work part-time during the academic program.  Individuals on J-1 Academic Training must use all available AT time. Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following AT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

F-1 OPT/F-1 STEM OPT

Practical training is a legal means by which F-1 students can obtain employment in areas related to their academic field of study. Students, in general, must have completed one academic year (approximately nine months) in F-1 status and must maintain their F-1 status to be eligible for practical training. Individiuals on F-1 OPT must use all available OPT time [including any STEM extension].Federal regulations require that employment terminate at the conclusion of the authorized practical or academic training. Individuals may continue to be employed following OPT if they qualify for H-1B sponsorship.

TN

This classification is available as a provision of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Only Canadian and Mexican citizens are eligible for TN status. The TN classification allows Canadian and Mexican citizens to be admitted to the U.S. temporarily to engage in business activities at a professional level. “Professional level” refers to those undertakings which require that the individual has a least a baccalaureate degree or appropriate credentials in a profession set forth in Appendix 1603.D.1 of the NAFTA.

J-1 Scholar

A Research Scholar is an individual primarily conducting research, observing, or consulting in connection with a research project. The Research Scholar may also teach or lecture, unless disallowed by the sponsor. If the length of the appointment is less than 6 months, the Short Term Scholar category may be recommended.

H-1B

H-1B temporary worker non-immigrant status is designated for individuals coming temporarily to the U.S. to perform services in a specialty occupation. The position must be a specialty occupation, defined as: “an occupation that requires (A) theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and (B) attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.” INA214(i); 8USC 1184(i). The hiring department must provide documentation to prove that the position is a specialty occupation and that the international applicant has those qualifications. The hiring department must also demonstrate all Department of Labor requirements are being adhered to and the temporary work is being paid the higher of the prevailing or actual wage. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) will make the final decision on whether or not the individual and/or the postition qualifies for H-1B classification.

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